Garage door hinges come in a variety of styles and gauges. Hinges connect the various sections of a garage door together. They allow sectional garage doors to move around the radius of garage door track with ease. Standard hinges are crafted from galvanized steel and made in a variety of shapes and sizes. Most hinges have a metallic color, but can be powder-coated to match the color of the garage door. Several garage door hinge manufacturers exist, but all hinge designs are similar. Each hinge serves a unique purpose in the proper operation of a garage door system. The following material should give you a better understanding of the functionality of garage door hinges.

Gauge

Hinges typically come in two popular gauge sizes and widths. Residential garage doors require 14-gauge wide bodied hinges while commercial garage doors need a heavier duty 11-gauge wide bodied hinge. Numerical hinge size is counter-intuitive since lower gauge numbers are actually thicker than higher numbered hinges. Stay away from hinges with gauge sizes higher than 14 for residential applications. Although you may save money in the short term purchasing thinner hinges, your garage door performance and durability may suffer in the long term. Thin hinges often wear out quickly, leading to bent or broken hinges needing replacement. Narrow bodied hinges are 18-gauge and range from one through five in stamped numbers. These hinges are about the thickness of a dime and should be used for lightweight residential door applications only. Heavier gauge hinges cost more, but have a longer life giving them a significant cost advantage. When you purchase a garage door for your house make sure you are getting 14-gauge wide bodied hinges.

  • 11 gauge
  • 14 gauge
  • 18 gauge

Application

Hinges are made by a variety of manufacturers, but all hinges are designed for a specific part of your garage door. Most hinges display a stamped number that identifies what part of the garage door it should be installed on. Hinge numbers for residential applications range from one through five. Commercial garage doors are usually larger than residential doors , requiring an increased number of hinges. Because of the increased height of commercial doors, 11-gauge hinges run from six through ten. Hinges that are installed higher up on a garage door must be a thicker gauge to account for the increased amount of weight they support. While some hinges (#1-Hinges) have the sole purpose of connecting garage door sections together, end hinges (#2-#11 Hinges) have the dual purpose of supporting garage door rollers.

  • 1 Hinge
  • 2 Hinge
  • 3 Hinge
  • 4 Hinge
  • 5 Hinge

Types

  • Residential Hinges (14-gauge, 16-gauge, 18-gauge)
  • Commercial Hinges (14-gauge, 11-gauge)
  • Full Vision Hinges
  • Truck Door Hinges
  • Narrow Body Hinges (18-gauge)

Price

The price of hinges varies by gauge, number and the style. Standard residential and commercial hinges retail for between $3.00-$10.00. Heavier gauge hinges are more expensive since more steel is used. Higher numbered hinges are also slightly more expensive due to the design and size. In the event you would like a color match between your garage door and hinges powder coating is available. Custom powder coated hinges cost several times as much as standard galvanized steel hinges. Although per-unit prices don’t represent a huge cost burden it is important to keep in mind that a typical two-car garage door requires at least fifteen hinges.

Garage Door Guide Cal
Hello, I’m Cal – owner of Garage Door Guide LLC    

I write tutorials about garage door repair, installation and maintenance. With over a decade of experience in the overhead door industry I’ve learned a lot and I’d like to share my knowledge with you.

14 thoughts on “Garage Door Hinges

    • Garage Door Guide says:

      Yes, the 11-gauge hinges are compatible with 14 gauge hinges. The only thing you might experience is the hole patterns (guide holes) not lining up perfectly. You can just start new drill holes – that is perfectly fine.

  1. Jack says:

    Can I replace my narrow 18 gauge hinges with 14 gauge ones as the side roller edges extend outside the door edge? Thanks.

    • Garage Door Guide says:

      Would really watch the door action going around the curved radius of the track if you decide to try it. Should be able to make it work given its only 1/4″ difference.

      Here are the hinge measurements to from the base to the center of the top roller carrier (hole).

      1-1/2″ #4 Hinge
      1-3/4″ #5 Hinge

  2. Jay Schmitt says:

    Newer house (2 years old) and just noticed that there are 12 hinges missing. Should a garage door have hinges on all joints (where there are pre-drilled holes)?

  3. Tom Chang says:

    Is there such a thing as a C hinge? I expected the center hinges to be #1 but existing hinges are labeled “C”. C for center?

    • psonline says:

      #1 hinge and center hinge would likely be the same thing. The interior metal stiles all take #1 hinges, while the end (outside) stiles take #2-#9

      The main thing is the shape of the hinge. The #1 or “center” hinges should be flat and accept only 1 roller. The outside hinges have 2 roller carriers.

  4. Daniel Thurman says:

    If I’m replacing a number one hinge on the side of the garage should I replace it with another number one or should it be a number three since it is the third one from the bottom?
    Thank you in advance

    • psonline says:

      The bottom panel gets all #1 hinges. The second panel gets #2 hinges at each end. The third panel gets #3 hinges at each end. The fourth panel gets top brackets…on a 4 section / 7ft tall door. There are rare circumstances where the track configuration calls for a different hinge configuration. Would probably go with the #3 hinge. Feel free to email me a picture of the interior of the door if needed. admin@garagedoorguide.com

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